Hesperantha coccinea (cvs.)

Hesperantha coccinea 'Red Dragon' Hesperantha coccinea 'Red Dragon'

Introduction

We started collecting Hesperantha coccinea (formerly known as Schizostylis coccinea) cultivars in 2003, attracted by their vibrant autumn colours. As our collection grew, identification proved to be a problem: cultivars with different names often turned out to be indistinguishable, while cultivars with the same name were sometimes different. So began our quest to build a more valid collection. In 2009 our now growing collection was amalgamated with the former National Collection maintained by Bryan Russell, at Cliffe in Lee, North Devon and in October 2010 we were granted full collection status by Plant Heritage. We have around 90 accessions which we grow in large pots so that they can be taken into the greenhouse to display them to best effect.

The Plants

Hesperantha coccinea belong to the Iridaceae. They are hardy rhizomatous perennials with sword shaped leaves and starry or cup shaped flowers. The flowers are borne on tall spikes; full plant height varies from 45 - 90cm. There are three prominent styles, hence their earlier name, Schizostylis - literally 'split styles'. Early flowering cultivars such as 'Wilfred H. Bryant' may be in bloom at the beginning of September, while 'Viscountess Byng' flowers in our garden into December.

Nomenclature

In 2010 the Royal Horticultural Society decided to adopt the name 'Hesperantha coccinea' to replace the earlier name of Schizostylis coccinea: this is in line with the reduction of Schizostylis into the bulbous genus Hesperantha: the rhizomatous nature of the coccinea species is considered to be an adaption to their native streamside habit in South Africa and Zimbabwe.

Collection details

  • Collection Name: Hesperantha coccinea (cvs.)
  • Collection Holder: David and Penny Ross
  • Collection Status: Transitional
  • Location: Mid-Devon. 30 mins from M5, junction 27.
  • When to visit: October, November
  • Entry cost: Donation to Plant Heritage
  • Facilities: Toilets, Plant Sales, Dogs on leads
  • Access: Hilly site. The collection is not currently open to visitors as the micropropagation programme is not yet complete. Hopefully it will be open in 2015.
  • Address:

    South Yeo Nursery
    Poughill
    Crediton
    EX17 4LF

  • Telephone: 01363 866401
  • Directions: Please telephone for directions.